CARA MELOMBONG CPU GPU

PENGHASILAN “CRYPTO COINS @ BITCOIN” DENGAN MELOMBONG

Artikel ini hanya menyentuh cara dan bagaimana “melombong syiling @ mining coin” melalui perkakasan Komputer atau Laptop, mengenali tugasan Client dan Perisian Melombong, “alamat kolam melombong @ mining pool” dan juga jenis Algoritma Syiling Digital @ Crypto Coin juga senang di panggil sebagai Bitcoin!. hrmm 🙂 mencabar juga nak terjemah artikel ini ke bahasa Melayu,. Sesetengahnya penulis perlu kekal menggunakan bahasa I.T supaya tidak hilang makna yang sebenarnya. Semoga pembaca mendapat kefahaman yang sempurna ye 🙂 Peace!.

Nota: Peralatan ASICs & FPGA tidak disentuh dalam artikel ini. 

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    1. PERKAKASAN MELOMBONG CRYPTO COIN

    Terdapat 5 Cara untuk melombong syilling digital @ bitcoin ;

    ‌1. CPU : menggunakan pemprosesan yang biasa terdapat di komputer @ PC. Alternative Wang/Syiling Digital juga di panggil “AlTCOINS” terdiri daripada Bytecoin BCN, MemoryCoin MMC, MonetaVerde MCN dan Fantomcoin FCN (butiran di http://cpucoinlist.com) adalah yang terbaik melombong menggunakan PC atau komputer.

    *CPU, RAM and HDD: spesifikasi hardware seperti motherboard Pentium socket LGA1151 dengan Prosessor Intel XEON, i3, i5, i7 (modal lebih boleh lah beli i9) atau AMD socket AM3 dengan prosessor Phenom II AthlonII Sempron Opteron (sekiranya modal lebih beralih pada Motherboard socket AM4+Prosessor AMD Ryzen). RAM memory serendah 4Gb dah cukup dan kapasiti HDD sekitar 300-500gb.

    2. GPU : menggunakan Unit Grafik pemprosesan komputer berkuasa untuk permainan video gaming. seperti kad grafik AMD Radeon atau Nvidia. Spesifikasi tinggi untuk sekeping kad graphic kos boleh mencecah beratus-ratus dolar, tetapi ia memberi anda satu kelebihan yang ketara ke atas CPU hashing. Sebagai contoh, kad ATI 5970 grafik boleh memberikan lebih daripada 800 MH / saat berbanding dengan CPU, yang secara amnya akan memberikan anda kurang daripada 10 MH /minit. 

    *GPU paling sesuai untuk mining jika dibandingkan dengan CPU sahaja, yang akan dikategorikan oleh power consumption, hashrate, harga kos dan keseimbangan perlombongan @ mining efficiency. Manakala ketika ini melombong Ethereum dan ZEC @ ZCash cukup popular dan menguntungkan dengan GPU. Sekiranya anda ingin tahu keupayaan @ capabilities kad GPU mining coin lihatnya DISINI. Jumlah VRAM (memory GPU) memainkan peranan penting juga, dan beza performance around 10% antara model yang sama. So kalau mahu optima melombong dari GPU, perlulah mempunyai GPU-VRAM yang lebih tinggi.

    *Melombong Bitcoin melalui CPU & GPU juga sesuai digunakan melalui kaedah seperti dinyatakan di SINI.

    3. FPGA’s: tidak menikmati 50x -100x pengingkatan dalam kelajuan perlombongan seperti yang dilihat dengan peralihan dari CPU ke GPU. FPGA memberikan manfaat melalui kecekapan kuasa dan kemudahan penggunaan. kad grafik tipikal 600 MH/s digunakan ke atas sebanyak 400W kuasa, di mana sebagai alat perlombongan FPGA biasa akan menyediakan hashrate daripada 826 MH/s pada 80w kuasa. Dengan kejayaan pelancaran Butterfly Labs FPGA ‘Single’, landskap perkakasan dihasilkan khas khusus untuk perlombongan bitcoins. Merupakan 5x pengingkatan ke atas ladang perlombongan bitcoin pertama yang bakal di bina pada kadar keuntungan operasi.

    ‌4. ASICs : “Application Specific Integrated Circuits” merupakan perkakasan@mesin yang direka khas untuk melombong bitcoin @cryptocurrencies. Walaubagaimana pun harga perkakasan ini amatlah mahal harganya. 1unit AntMiner sekitar MYR12k pada kelajuan diantara 5-500Gigahahes pee minit. Ia masih memerlukan perisian @ software untuk kerja- kerja melombong. Ada diantara model terbaru sesetengahnya telah dilengkapi dengan perisian melombong termasuk url@ alamat bitcoin.

    ‌4. CLOUD MINING @ Cloud hashing : proses perlombongan kripto menggunakan kawalan datacenter dengan kuasa pemprosesan bersama. Jenis ini membolehkan pengguna untuk melombong bitcoin atau cryptocurrency alternatif (Altcoins) tanpa perlu menguruskan perkakasan. Paling popular dan selamat disediakan oleh:

    • CRYPTOMINING : Bonus Hashrate 50ghz. Pelan hashrate sehingga 15 tahun.
    • MiNERGATE : Kebanyakan kripto boleh ditambang melalui CPU, GPU dan Cloud menggunakan MinerGate GUI Miner (ia bebas untuk digunakan) dan mudah digunakan, bahkan menyambung secara automatik ke “pool” sendiri, dan juga mempunyai sokongan untuk gabungan perlombongan.
    • EOBOT : Mempunyai banyak kripto untuk perlombongan kripto. Bermula sedikit sebanyak $ 10 dengan hasil perlombongan segera..

    “Pelan Cloud mining merupakan peluang orang-ramai jana pendapatan bitcoin tanpa memerlukan hardware (cpu,gpu,ram dan lain-lain), perisian, penggunaan lebihan elektrik atau rangkaian internet berterusan”

    Notes : Usually CPU mining is the least effective, FPGA mining more power consumption, ASIC mining is the most efficacious, and GPU mining is somewhere in the middle. Your computer has its own electricity draw on top of the mining hardware, and you’ll need to factor that into your calculation for profit.

    Sebaik sahaja anda telah memilih perkakasan anda, anda perlu melakukan beberapa perkara lain:

    2. PERISIAN MELOMBONG “COINs” KRIPTO

    BERGANTUNG, kepada perkakasan komputer yang digunakan, sudah pasti memerlukan perisian untuk melaksanakan kerja kerja melombong coin.. Typically when using GPUs and FPGAs, you will need a host computer running two things:

    1. The standard bitcoin client, and

    2. The mining software.

    STANDARD KRIPTO CLIENT.

    Perisian ini menghubungkan komputer anda ke rangkaian dan membolehkan ia berinteraksi dengan klien bitcoin, memindahkan transaksi dan menjejaki rantaian blok. Ia akan mengambil sedikit masa untuk memuat turun rantaian blok bitcoin supaya ia dapat dimulakan. Pelanggan bitcoin berkesan menyampaikan maklumat antara penambang dan rangkaian bitcoin.

    PERISIAN MELOMBONG KRIPTO

    Ia berfungsi untuk mengarahkan perkakasan untuk melakukan kerja keras, melalui blok transaksi untuk menyelesaikannya. Terdapat pelbagai jenis ini, bergantung kepada Sistem Pengendalian, tersedia untuk Windows, Mac OS X, dan lain-lain.

    Mining software also required for ASIC miner, although some newer models promise to ship with everything pre-configured, including a bitcoin address.

    Ini adalah perisian perlombongan yang popular (cadangan):

    NiceHash : Window & Linux (paling menguntungkan, selamat dan dipercayai pada CPU & GPU dan dalam pembayaran hasil perlombongan)
    Bitcoin Miner : Windows & Linux
    BTC Miner : Windows
    BTCMINTER : Windows
    CG Miner : Windows & Linux
    BFG Miner : Windows & Linux
    Easy Miner : Windows & Linux
    XRPC Miner : Mac OS
    CPU Miner : highly optimized CPU miner for Litecoin, Bitcoin, and other cryptocurrencies. Currently supported algorithms are SHA-256d and scrypt(N, 1, 1).

    3. SERTAI “POOL MELOMBONG”

    Pool penambang kripto yang menggabungkan sumber pengkomputeran mereka dengan kuasa hashing melalui rangkaian, untuk memecah ganjaran secara sama rata, mengikut jumlah kerja yang mereka sumbangkan untuk menyelesaikan blok. bagaimana untuk menyertai pool perlombongan.

    Terdapat dua cara asas untuk melombong:

    1. Sendirian @Solo : tahap kesukaran semasa sangat tinggi sehingga mustahil bagi pelombong solo untuk membuat pertambangan keuntungan.

    ‌2. Dalam Komunity pool : Dengan perlombongan kolam, keuntungan dari mana-mana blok yang menjana ahli dibahagikan kepada ahli-ahli pool. Ini memberi ahli kepada bayaran yang lebih kerap dan mantap (ini dipanggil mengurangkan varians anda).

    The reason you shouldn’t go it alone is that Bitcoins are awarded equally according to the amount of share and contributed in solving a blocks, usually 12.5 at a time, and unless you get extremely lucky, you will not be getting any of those coins.Almost all miners choose to mine on a pool because it takes the luck out of the process.

    Cukup banyak ‘pool mining’ yang boleh digunakan sebagai tempat menambang atau melombong bitcoin atau kripto alternative diantaranya adalah:

    Nicehash Pool
    AntPool 144
    F2Pool 130
    BitFury 84
    BTCC Pool
    BW.COM
    Slush
    KnCMiner
    21 Inc.
    BitClub Network
    Kano CKPool
    GHash.IO
    Eligius
    Solo CKPool
    BitMinter
    Telco 214
    myBTCcoin Pool
    mmpool
    EclipseMC

    Setelah memutuskan mata wang kripto mana yang hendak di lombong dan menentukan pool yang bakal digunakan, sudah tiba masanya untuk bermula.

    Buat akaun di laman web “kolam perlombongan kripto”. Sebaik sahaja anda mempunyai akaun, anda perlu mendapatakan ‘worker’. Anda boleh membuat pelbagai “worker” untuk setiap perkakasan perlombongan yang akan anda gunakan.

    Nota : Agak sukar untuk menterjemahkan statement atau perkataan yang diguna pakai dalam dunia matawang kripto, lebih-lebih lagi bercerita perihal “melombong kripto”.

    Anda benar-benar memerlukan selera membaca dan pembelajaran yang berterusan, kerana perubahan teknologi yang berterusan dan teknik baru untuk mengoptimumkan keputusan perlombongan kripto. Penambang kripto paling berjaya menghabiskan berjam-jam setiap minggu mempelajari cara terbaik untuk menyesuaikan dan meningkatkan prestasi pertambangan atau perlombongan kripto. Happy Mining!!!

    REFERENCES

    CRYPTO COIN ALGORITHM which are the most popular & profitable among them for mining are:

    CryptoNight : CryptoNotes are coins mostly based on CryptoNight. can be effectively mined with a CPU only on any computer. In fact, they do not offer any advantage to GPUs whatsoever. Most CryptoNote coins can be mined using the MinerGate GUI Miner (it is free to use) and simple to use, even connecting automatically to its own pool, and even has support for merged-mining: meaning that you can earn two different coins at the same time. The software also has a great option; “Smart mining”, which automatically picks up for you the best coins to mine according to market prices and network difficulties. CryptoNote coins: Bytecoin, Monero, DarkNote, Boolberry.

    X11 algorithm : can also be mined with a regular computer. Crpto Coin : DarkCoin, XCurrency.

    SHA-256 : Bitcoin uses SHA–256, Bitcoin mining uses cryptography, with a hash function ( hashes are large numbers, and are usually written as hexadecimal).

    SCRYPT : many alternative coins (altcoins) was specifically designed to make it costly to perform large-scale custom hardware attacks by requiring large amounts of memory. A free mining software package made up of cgminer and stratum. Crypto Coins : Litecoins, Dogecoins, and Feathercoins are three Scrypt-based.

    COMPARISON OF MINING POOL
    Reward types & explanation:
    CPPSRB – Capped Pay Per Share with Recent Backpay.

    1. DGM – Double Geometric Method. A hybrid between PPLNS and Geometric reward types that enables to operator to absorb some of the variance risk. Operator receives portion of payout on short rounds and returns it on longer rounds to normalize payments.

    2. ESMPPS – Equalized Shared Maximum Pay Per Share. Like SMPPS, but equalizes payments fairly among all those who are owed.

    3. POT – Pay On Target. A high variance PPS variant that pays on the difficulty of work returned to pool rather than the difficulty of work served by pool

    4. PPLNS – Pay Per Last N Shares. Similar to proportional, but instead of looking at the number of shares in the round, instead looks at the last N shares, regardless of round boundaries.
    PPLNSG – Pay Per Last N Groups (or shifts). Similar to PPLNS, but shares are grouped into “shifts” which are paid as a whole.
    PPS – Pay Per Share. Each submitted share is worth certain amoutripnt of BC. Since finding a block requires <current difficulty> shares on average, a PPS method with 0% fee would be 12.5 BTC divided by <current difficulty>. It is risky for pool operators, hence the fee is highest.
    Prop. – Proportional. When block is found, the reward is distributed among all workers proportionally to how much shares each of them has found.
    RSMPPS – Recent Shared Maximum Pay Per Share. Like SMPPS, but system aims to prioritize the most recent miners first.

    5. SCORE – Score based system: a proportional reward, but weighed by time submitted. Each submitted share is worth more in the function of time t since start of current round. For each share score is updated by: score += exp(t/C). This makes later shares worth much more than earlier shares, thus the miner’s score quickly diminishes when they stop mining on the pool. Rewards are calculated proportionally to scores (and not to shares). (at slush’s pool C=300 seconds, and every hour scores are normalized)
    SMPPS – Shared Maximum Pay Per Share. Like Pay Per Share, but never pays more than the pool earns.

    6. FPPS – Full Pay Per Share. Similar to PPS,but not only divide regular block reward (12.5 BTC for now) but also some of the transaction fees. Calculate a standard transaction fee within a certain period and distribute it to miners according to their hash power contributions in the pool. It will increase the miners’ earnings by sharing some of the transaction fees.

    Notes:
    ↑Some people claims, Do not use a laptop, gaming console or handheld device to mine. These devices are not effective enough to generate income. Go by the Cloud Mining or With Asic Hardware.

    ↑Bitcoins @BTC are not a good choice for beginning miners. During the last 3 years an incredible amount of hashrate coming online which made it harder and harder to have enough hashrate personally to solve a block thus getting the payout and does not make it profitable for consumer-level hardware. Better options for beginners on CPU or GPU mining are those Alternative Coins (altcoins) such Litecoins, Dogecoins, and Peercoins, Bytecoin, Monero, DarkNote, Boolberry and later will be paid in BTC upon confirmation of solving block.

    That pool hashrate is largely irrelevant but can be seen as a popularity measurement. It is a theoretical security issue if one pool gains above 50% of the total computational power of the network, thus consider joining a pool based on other metrics. The pool’s total hash rate is very dynamic on most pools. Over time, as the network grows, so does most pool’s hash rates. The displayed values are the pool’s relative sizes based on the network: Small: less than 2%, Medium: 2%-10% Large: greater than 10% of the network.

    ↑Merged mining allows miners to mine on multiple block chains at the same time with the same hashing.

    ↑The difficulty of the shares can be changed by the user.

    ↑ Merged mining can be done on a “solo mining” basis (payouts in the merged chain are not pooled).

    You absolutely need a strong appetite for reading and constant learning, as there are ongoing technology changes and new techniques for optimizing coin mining results. The most successful coin miners spend hours every week studying the best ways to adjust and improve their coin mining performance.

    GPU
    AMD
    NVIDIA
    RX
    470
    RX
    480
    RX
    570
    RX
    580 4gb
    RX
    580 8gb
    GTX
    1060 6gb
    GTX
    1070
    GTX
    1080
    GTX
    1080Ti
    Est. Price (RM)
    1,200
    1,600
    1,200
    1,400
    1,600
    1,300
    2,000
    3,000
    3,500
    Power Consmptn
    (watt)
    120
    160
    160
    150
    190
    100
    150
    180
    250
    DAG (ETH) hashrate
    (Mh/s)
    25
    29
    24
    22
    26
    20
    28
    27
    35
    Eth mining efficiency
    (Mh/watt)
    0.208
    0.181
    0.150
    0.146
    0.137
    0.200
    0.186
    0.15
    0.14
    Equihash (ZEC) hashrate
    (Sol/s)
    280
    305
    311
    280
    310
    281
    435
    470
    630
    ZEC mining efficiency
    (Sol/watt)
    2.33
    1.90
    1.94
    1.86
    1.63
    2.81
    2.9
    2.61
    2.52





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